By John Bishop

Can it's justifiable to dedicate oneself 'by religion' to a non secular declare whilst its fact lacks enough aid from one's overall on hand facts? In Believing through religion, John Bishop defends a model of fideism encouraged by means of William James's 1896 lecture 'The Will to Believe'. by means of critiquing either 'isolationist' (Wittgensteinian) and Reformed epistemologies of non secular trust, Bishop argues that anybody who accepts that our publicly on hand facts is both open to theistic and naturalist/atheistic interpretations might want to shield a modest fideist place. This modest fideism is familiar with theistic dedication as concerning 'doxastic enterprise' - useful dedication to propositions held to be real via 'passional' motives (causes except the popularity of proof of or for his or her truth). whereas Bishop argues that crisis in regards to the justifiability of non secular doxastic enterprise is finally ethical main issue, he accepts that faith-ventures will be morally justifiable provided that they're in accord with the correct workout of our rational epistemic capacities. valid faith-ventures may perhaps hence by no means be counter-evidential, and, in addition, will be made supra-evidentially in basic terms whilst the reality of the faith-proposition involved unavoidably can't be settled at the foundation of proof. Bishop extends this Jamesian account through requiring that justifiable faith-ventures must also be morally appropriate either in motivation and content material. Hard-line evidentialists, even though, insist that every one spiritual faith-ventures are morally flawed. Bishop therefore conducts a longer debate among fideists and hard-line evidentialists, arguing that neither aspect can reach developing the irrationality of its competition. He concludes via suggesting that fideism might however be morally most effective, as a much less dogmatic, extra self-accepting, even a extra loving, place than its evidentialist rival.

Show description

Read or Download Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief PDF

Similar religious studies & reference books

The Ethics Of War: Shared Problems In Different Traditions

Sept. 11 and the following invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq have left many folks baffled and anxious. This interdisciplinary examine of the ethics of conflict offers a superb orientation not just to give, but in addition to destiny conflicts. It seems to be either again at historic traditions of moral proposal and ahead to modern and rising concerns.

Kierkegaard: Thinking Christianly in an Existential Mode

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) used to be initially a Christian philosopher who's possibly top identified for his devastating assault upon Christendom or the status quo of his time. no longer due to the fact that Luther has there been a Protestant philosopher who has so uncompromisingly sought to outline and current Christianity in its utmost integrity.

Das Buch der Menschlichkeit. Eine neue Ethik für unsere Zeit

Wer wäre berufener als der Dalai Lama, "eine der faszinierendsten Gestalten des 20. Jahrhunderts", uns zu Beginn des neuen Jahrtausends Perspektiven für ein erfülltes Leben aufzuzeigen? Denn trotz des Wohlstands sind viele Menschen gerade in der westlichen Welt mit ihrem Leben unzufrieden, suchen eine neue innere Ruhe, die mit Konsum und Luxus nicht zu erlangen ist.

Christian Horror: On the Compatibility of a Biblical Worldview and the Horror Genre

To so much, the time period “Christian horror” most likely feels like an oxymoron. however, there are first-class arguments to be made that “horror” is an eminently biblical style and that Christian artists could be on the vanguard of reclaiming it. during this paintings, novelist Mike Duran explores the Judeo-Christian roots of up to date horror, the non secular subject matters that body a lot of the horror paintings, and the way evangelical tradition has come to distance itself from any such possibly wealthy and strong medium.

Extra info for Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Sample text

Or—an example where the failure to act on what is held true shows strength rather than weakness—I may come to suspect that certain beliefs of mine arise purely from prejudice and so refrain from taking them to be true in my practical reasoning, even though I cannot immediately shake myself free of the attitude of holding them true. For example: so strong is my father’s influence that I cannot shed his inculcated belief that a man who wears suede shoes or keeps his loose change in a purse is not to be trusted, but I do not have to take this to be true when I come to act.

Non-evidential causes of beliefs See passional causes of beliefs. non-inferentially evident See basically evident. passional causes of beliefs A passional cause of a belief is any cause of that belief other than a cause that provides the believer with evidence for its truth. Note: This usage is derived from William James. To avoid confusion, I often describe passional causes of beliefs as ‘non-evidential’ causes. I also sometimes refer to potential passional causes of beliefs as ‘passional doxastic inclinations’.

I will therefore conclude that the debate arrives at the following impasse: neither the evidentialist nor the fideist can decisively and non-question-beggingly establish the epistemic irresponsibility of commitment to the opposing position. It may thus seem that the whole evidentialist/fideist debate must end in impasse, and, in Chapter 9—my final chapter—I shall begin by arguing that, even if this is the case, significant support has nevertheless been provided for the supra-evidential, moral coherentist, version of fideism expressed in thesis (J+).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.54 of 5 – based on 30 votes