By Hasan Kayali
Arabs and younger Turks is vital for an figuring out of up to date matters similar to Islamist politics and the ongoing crises of nationalism within the center East.
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Additional resources for Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1918
They left to the inhabitants their land, their property, their industry, and their commerce. The Arabs have benefitted from the trade of the Turks and from our uninterrupted bond. ” Al-mu’tamar al-‘arabi al-awwal (Cairo: al-Matba‘a al-Salafiyya, 1913), 61; Bayhum, 19. Karal, 517. Ramsaur, 81–90; Lewis, 201. Blind, “Turkish Parliament,” 42; Ramsaur, 68. Ramsaur, 125. These included the aforementioned Tunisian reformer Khayr al-Din Pasha (grand vizier) and al-Qudsi (second secretary) as well as ‘Izzat al-‘Abid (later second secretary), Abulhuda al-Sayyadi (Aleppine Sufi propagandist), Muhammad Zafir (Tunisian Islamic propagandist), and Najib Malhama.
Stanford J. Shaw, “Some Aspects of the Aims and Achievements of the Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Reformers,” in Polk and Chambers, 37. Đsmail Hami Danişmend, Đzahlı Osmanlı Tarihi Kronolojisi (Đstanbul: Türkiye Yayınevi, 1961), 4:528. Đlber Ortaylı argues that the Turkish element started to become ascendant in the administration in the eighteenth century. See Đmparatorluğun En Uzun Yüzyılı (Đstanbul: Hil, 1987), 58. Zeine, Arab Nationalism, 9. Hourani, “Ottoman Background,” 10; Sir Hamilton Gibb and Harold Bowen, Islamic Society and the West (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), (pt.
In the first months of the revolution, the absence of strong governmental authority gave free rein to journalistic activity. Just as censorship had become the symbol of Hamidian despotism, the free press became the symbol of the revolution.  In addition to its direct influence on the government, the CUP also tried to promote its political goals in its capacity as an independent organization. It sponsored cultural activities and undertook community work.  One of the stated goals of the program was to induce the governments to undertake reform efforts that would supplement the CUP’s independent efforts.