By Michael Anderson
This e-book is a brief yet finished survey of the paintings at the background of the family members in Western Eu....
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Extra resources for Approaches to the History of the Western Family, 1500–1914
This new economy opened up communities 61 to wider market and other social influences and exposed consumption and work activities to a laissezfaire, individualistically oriented competitive regime. At the same time the proletarianisation of a growing segment of the workforce exposed them to a new set of work relationships. 'The logic of the market place', writes Shorter, 'positively demands individualism' [2 :259].
For example, Levine  suggests that the power and authority of Puritan elite groups grew in the later seventeenth century and that they set out to suppress traditional modes of behaviour including courtship; over the eighteenth century they became more tolerant of popular behaviour which was not actually politically threatening and greater freedom of action led to freer courtship and a higher risk of illegitimacy. Similar changes in external control have been observed in New England  in this period, while Phayer , for Bavaria, argues that the sudden rise c.
Central to the arguments of this group of authors is a picture of family relationships markedly different from those of later periods. Thus in the sixteenth century- and much later in many areas- family behaviour is seen as characterised by strong elements of deference, patriarchy and authoritarianism. The power of husband over wife and children is widely cited, being concerned not only with economic matters but also with moral control including the right- indeed in some areas apparently the duty - to use physical force on wife and children.