By Rebecca Edwards
Angels within the equipment deals a sweeping research of the centrality of gender to politics within the usa from the times of the Whigs to the early 20th century. writer Rebecca Edwards exhibits that girls within the U.S. participated actively and influentially as Republicans, Democrats, and leaders of third-party hobbies like Prohibitionism and Populism--decades earlier than they received the best to vote--and within the strategy controlled to remodel endlessly the ideology of yankee get together politics. utilizing cartoons, speeches, occasion systems, information bills, and crusade memorabilia, she bargains a compelling rationalization of why relations values, women's political actions, or even applicants' intercourse lives stay hot-button concerns in politics to today.
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Additional info for Angels in the Machinery: Gender in American Party Politics from the Civil War to the Progressive Era
15 Democrats' response to Whig innovations betrayed a certain perplexity. At first they ridiculed Whig men for "dragging women into politics" and forecast dire results for female purity. Forbearance toward the ladies themselves seemed, however, the wisest course. Attacks on women might provoke a gallant defense that would call Democratic honor into question. Male Democrats were reluctant to invite women to their own meetings, but after the 1840 campaign they paused to reconsider. They had just lost the White House for the first time in twelve years, to a skilled opposition campaign.
What mattered was the opinion of white men concerning incursions on their authority over the home. Though white women were most vulnerable, white men claimed they themselves faced forcible marriage at Republican hands. A black editor in New Orleans, exasperated by such arguments, offered a witty solution in 1868: For the benefit of suffering Democratic humanity, we propose that the colored ladies throughout the county shall draw up and sign a pledge that under no circumstances will they marry a Democrat.
Democrats watched in horror as Massachusetts, Iowa, and Kansas legalized interracial marriage. Controlled by new anti-Democratic coalitions in the 18505, several states liberalized their divorce laws. Massachusetts, led by the nativist American Party, relaxed restrictions on remarriage, strengthened alimony rights for women, and for the first time authorized judges to attach the wages of divorced men. New York's legislature faced pressure from women's rights advocates on the same issues. Six months before Lincoln's election, the state passed a law dramatically weakening men's right to claim the earnings of their wives.