By Dror Zeevi
In response to micro-level examine of the District of Jerusalem, this publication addresses one of the most an important questions in regards to the Ottoman empire in a time of hindrance and disorientation: decline and decentralization, the increase of the amazing elite, the urban-rural-pastoral nexus, agrarian kinfolk and the encroachment of eu economic climate. while it paints a brilliant photo of existence in an Ottoman province. through integrating courtroom checklist, petitions, chronicles or even neighborhood poetry, the booklet recreates a historic international that, although lengthy vanished, has left an indelible imprint at the urban of Jerusalem and its atmosphere.
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Extra info for An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History)
On the third question—the existence of municipal administration—the evidence is unequivocal. Seventeenthcentury Jerusalem is characterized by an impressive array of municipal services, orchestrated by the qadi and his aides. The shari'a court dealt with all municipal problems: construction and demolition, hygiene, waste disposal, taxation, security, public order, market supervision, maintenance of water supply and social welfare. Other institutions, among them a charity waqf and a public hospital, cooperated in this urban project.
Instead of boys gathered from Christian villages, the inner service of the sultan's palace now admitted and trained the sons and clients of ümera. One of the only channels for social mobility for nonMuslim subjects was thus blocked. Yet another consequence was shorter terms in office for governors and other high officials. Ümera eligible for governor status now had to play a game of musical chairs within a limited, and ever shrinking number of Page 38 districts and provinces. The term of office as district governor became shorter, and in the seventeenth century governors were often appointed only for a year or two.
Several records indicate that it was fashionable to use plates elevated on a "heel" Page 32 to serve food. Many houses contained elaborate tobaccosmoking implements and candleholders. Foodstuffs were usually kept in large clay pots, sometimes covered by ash to preserve their contents. 75 Books and manuscripts were relatively rare. They appear in several inheritance records, mainly in houses of ulema and governors. All the books mentioned were religious, mostly having to do with Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh ).