By Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries

Книга the yank background Dictionary of the English Language the yankee history Dictionary of the English Language Книги Иностранные языки Автор: коллектив Год издания: 1991 Формат: pdf Страниц: 8654 Размер: 50,4 МБ Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Almost 1 / 4 of a century in the past a brand new dictionary bearing the identify American history seemed. That e-book was once amazing since it did 4 issues and it did them good. It faithfully recorded the language in simply understood definitions. It supplied suggestions towards accuracy, precision, and beauty within the use of English that clever humans desire and search in a dictionary. It traced, every time attainable, the advance of English phrases to their origins and keyed many to an Appendix of Indo-European Roots. And it offered advanced lexical info in a typographically beautiful layout accented by way of hundreds of thousands of images and line drawings in spacious margins. the yank history Dictionary of the English Language, 3rd version, builds upon this exotic, cutting edge starting place.

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Since a healthy language is always changing, the age and experience of its speakers are recorded by incipient, dominant, and recessive forms, as demonstrated in the vocabulary of automobiles: the emergent gas-guzzler and pimpmobile, the durable sedan and limousine, and the relic tin lizzie and roadster. Ethnic terms are the cultural birthrights of individual speakers and great linguistic resources for society at large. Yiddish schlock, chutzpah, macher (fixer, operator, clever fellow), and schmaltz have moved from the Jewish communities to the national language, as have the specialized Sicilian terms capo, Cosa Nostra, and Mafia in urban American subcultures.

Early American grammar also showed a great variety of forms. ” Bradford used rid, runned (and ranne), drunk, writ, and shrunk as past forms of ride, run, drink, write, and shrink, respectively. ” Mary Rowlandson wrote, “It is not my tongue or pen can express the sorrow of my heart” in her captive narrative of 1676. During these same years cultural activity all along the Atlantic seaboard produced the first Americanisms. The following native words, among hundreds of others, originated, gained special meaning, or entered the English language through American speech in the 17th century: creek (stream), fat pine, green corn, and papoose from Massachusetts; catfish, corn (maize), mock[ing]bird, polecat (skunk), and raccoon from Virginia; Chippewa, groundhog, Manhattan, and Podunk from New York; gang [of birds], hominy, snakeroot, and Virginian from Maryland; frontier people, oyster rake, samp, and wampum from Rhode Island; grocery (store), hotcakes (corn cakes), peavine (a climbing plant similar to the pea), and sunfish from Pennsylvania; settlement and swampland from Connecticut; Dutch grass (any one of various grasses) and hickory nut from South Carolina; frontier from New Jersey.

The language is too important to be left to nostalgic reveries. Nevertheless, it is too important to be excused from responsible critical review. USAGE IN THIS DICTIONARY In the treatment of usage the editors of The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition, have tried to construct each Usage Note as a miniature critical exercise and to provide, within the limits of space, the kinds of information that readers will require to resolve the question to their own satisfaction.

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