By Christine Isom-Verhaaren

In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the town of great. The operation, lower than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in line with a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the wonderful in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused severe condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from approved international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, in spite of everything, nonetheless greatly alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the next wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French assets, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early smooth period. the result's crucial interpreting for college kids and students of ecu background, Ottoman reviews, and of family members among the Christian and Islamic worlds.

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Although in 1499 Louis XII sent the French fleet to the Levant to support the Venetians, the combined fleets achieved little, and the lack of effective naval assistance led to the surrender of Lepanto to the Ottomans. 7 Though the naval war was proceeding badly for the French, they were more successful in their invasion of Milan. Lodovico Sforza had explained his position to the Venetian envoy shortly before the war began, illustrating that no one doubted that the war involved the Ottomans in Italy as well as in the Morea: I am not afraid of the King of France: He has no just claim to my State; and, since he styles himself the Most Christian King, he ought rather to come to my aid against those who might wish to attack me.

This brief outline of relations between the Ottoman Empire and several states in Europe demonstrates that political ambitions of rulers overrode religious scruples, although religious rhetoric was employed for reasons of policy. indd 25 4/20/2011 2:58:54 PM 26 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL Alliances between the Ottoman Empire and Christian states between 1450 and 1600 coexisted with the flow of crusade rhetoric. The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople together with the proximity of Ottoman territory to Italy caused rulers who feared that Ottoman expansion threatened their own territories to demand military action against them.

Aragonese kings of Naples. Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan (1494–1500). Maximilian, a Habsburg, emperor (1493–1519) Alexander VI, Rodrigo Borgia (1492–1503). Charles VIII, Valois (1483–98). Bayezid II (1481–1512). Louis XII, Valois, house of Orleans (1498–1515). Joined the allies later. Henry VII, Tudor (1485–1509). Julius II, della Rovere (1503–13). Henry VIII, Tudor (1509–47). Leo X, Giovanni de’ Medici (1513–21). François I, Valois (1515–47). Charles, Habsburg, king of Spain after 1516. Selim I (1512–1520).

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