By Samir Chopra
“An terribly solid synthesis from an grand variety of philosophical, criminal, and technological assets . . . the booklet will attract felony teachers and scholars, legal professionals taken with e-commerce and our on-line world criminal matters, technologists, ethical philosophers, and clever lay readers drawn to excessive tech matters, privateness, [and] robotics.”—Kevin Ashley, college of Pittsburgh tuition of legislation As enterprises and govt enterprises substitute human staff with on-line customer support and automatic cellphone platforms, we turn into conversant in doing enterprise with nonhuman brokers. If synthetic intelligence (AI) know-how advances as today’s prime researchers expect, those brokers may well quickly functionality with such restricted human enter that they seem to behave independently. once they in achieving that point of autonomy, what criminal prestige may still they've got? Samir Chopra and Laurence F. White current a delicately reasoned dialogue of ways present philosophy and criminal idea can accommodate more and more refined AI expertise. Arguing for the criminal personhood of a synthetic agent, the authors talk about what it capability to claim it has “knowledge” and the facility to decide. they think about key questions akin to who needs to take accountability for an agent’s activities, whom the agent serves, and even if it could possibly face a clash of curiosity.
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Extra resources for A Legal Theory for Autonomous Artificial Agents
We deprecate the terms intelligent agent or arti‹cial intelligence as we wish to emphasize the embedded, social, real-world nature of arti‹cial agents, rather than merely their disembodied intelligence. We use the term operator to designate the legal person who makes the arrangements, or on behalf of whom the arrangements are made, to operate the agent. Typically, this will be the natural person or other entity (such as a corporation) that makes the agent available to interact with users. The term user denotes the legal person, or other arti‹cial agent, who interacts with the agent, say, on a shopping website.
We prefer it to electronic agent because an arti‹cial agent may be instantiated by an optical, chemical, quantum, or indeed biological, rather than an electronic, computing process. We do not favor software agent as it would not cover embodied agents such as robots or hardware implementations such as neural network chips. We deprecate the terms intelligent agent or arti‹cial intelligence as we wish to emphasize the embedded, social, real-world nature of arti‹cial agents, rather than merely their disembodied intelligence.
Flowerday,38 while rejecting a claim that, be- Arti‹cial Agents and Agency / 23 cause he had dialed the number directly without dealing with an operator, the defendant had not obtained telephone services under false pretenses, the court suggested there was no legal signi‹cance in the difference between an operator who performs certain actions and an electronic device programmed to perform those same functions: in either case the telephone company “programs” its human or mechanical agent to recognize and respond to speci‹ed conditions.