By Heinz Kramer

Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the USA and Europe. After the death of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet no longer reduced. this day Turkey is dealing with a totally diversified international and protection coverage surroundings. even though, Turkey is usually present process remarkable inner switch. Many verified political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more wondered through a growing to be a part of its humans. certainly, there's the increase of political Islam and the consequent conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement through adapting their regulations. not anything under a second look and, finally, a re-orientation in kinfolk with either the us and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This booklet undertakes a accomplished review and research of Turkey's inner and exterior adjustments and offers parts of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic accomplice.

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A glance at the various government programs since the early 1990s reveals that Turkey's politicians are well aware of the necessary policies for improving the country's economic and social conditions. After taking office, however, they have been unable or unwilling to do what they promised. As a consequence, public confidence in the established political class has deteriorated, and the gap between the masses and their political representatives has considerably widened. Today, politicians rank among the least trusted people in Turkey and are mainly regarded as dishonest and corrupt.

Zal's party would make a decisive inroad into the center-right groups and establish itself in the longer term as the only new party in the post-1980 system. As the party in power, it could consolidate itself through the classic mechanisms of Turkish party politicsclientelism and favoritism. 4 Today two parties are vying for the primacy of Turkey's moderate-right political camp. 5 Both are made up of a kind of intraparty coalition of political groups representing bourgeois Westernizers, nationalists, and moderate Islamists.

The result of the November 1983 elections was the surprise success of Turgut Özal's Motherland Party (Anavatan Partisi, or ANAP), and the March 1984 local elections quickly proved that the military's intentions had not been realized. The military-backed, newly created center-right and center-left were politically dead after less than six months. 2011 04:21:54 page_26 < previous page page_26 next page > Page 26 modified by the new constitution and the legal framework devised under military influence.

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